Chlamydia trachomatis infection

Key Information

Appropriate Tests

 

Many infections are asymptomatic.

Urethritis

Genital swab; initial (first void urine) for Chlamydia trachomatis detection by PCR.

If C. trachomatis infection is confirmed, the possibility of other sexually transmitted diseases should be considered.

Cervicitis

 

Pelvic inflammatory disease

 

Conjunctivitis

Conjunctival swab (usually a clinical diagnosis but genotyping available).

Trachoma

Conjunctival swab, Corneal scrapings (usually a clinical diagnosis but genotyping available).

Pneumonia (in neonates)

Chlamydia Ab; the presence of specific IgM antibodies supports the diagnosis of chlamydial infection.

References

See also Pathology Decision Support Tool: Chlamydia