Congenital infection

Key Information

Appropriate Tests

Placental transmission

Serology as appropriate, on maternal and neonatal serum (including specific IgM in neonate’s serum).

See also Antenatal screening.

  • Cytomegalovirus infection

 

  • Rubella

 

  • Toxoplasmosis

 

  • Varicella

 

  • Syphilis

 

  • HIV infection

 

  • Parvovirus B19 infection

 

  • Listeriosis

Neonatal blood culture, Cerebrospinal fluid examination, skin lesions as appropriate.

  • Herpes simplex virus infection

 

Ascending infection

Genital swab (vaginal) from mother - microscopy and culture.

Ear swab and gastric aspirate from neonate - microscopy and culture.

  • Group B streptococci

 

  • Escherichia coli

 

Peripartum infection

 

  • Hepatitis B virus infection

 

  • Hepatitis C virus infection

 

  • HIV infection

 

  • Herpes simplex infection

See Herpes simplex virus infection.

  • Varicella zoster infection

See Varicella zoster infection.