Cysticercosis

Key Information

Appropriate Tests

Due to tissue infection with the larval cysts of Taenia solium.

Prevalence of disease, which is almost always a result of CNS involvement, is high in Mexico, Central and South America, the Philippines and South East Asia.

Imaging studies (plain X-ray, CT, MRI) are of value in the demonstration of lesions, which may be cystic and may be calcified.

Ova cysts parasites faeces. Cerebrospinal fluid examination.

Taenia solium serology may strengthen the diagnosis, providing evidence of exposure.

Neurocysticercosis

  • Mass effects/seizures
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Chronic meningitis
  • Spinal cord compression

 

Other sites

  • Cardiac
  • Skeletal muscle