Dementia

Causes

Appropriate Tests

 

Clinical assessment, pathology tests may be contributory. Some of the common tests depending on clinical findings include:

  • TSH
  • Calcium (ionised calcium)
  • Vitamin B12 / Holocobalamin
  • Urea and Electrolytes
  • Serum Folate

See also Psychomotor regression.

Electrolyte deficiency

 

Alzheimer's disease

Multiple-infarct dementia

Alcoholism

Cerebral tumour (primary or metastatic)

Hypothyroidism

Infection

 

  • HIV infection

See AIDS.

  • Encephalitis

 

  • Neurosyphilis

See Syphilis.

  • Creutzfeldt Jakob disease

 

Lead poisoning

Normal pressure hydrocephalus

Huntington disease

Vitamin B12 deficiency

Late onset genetic disease

See Huntington disease genetic test.

  • Lysosomal storage diseases