Epididymo-orchitis

Associations

Appropriate Tests

 

Usually infective (especially Gram-negative bacilli).

May be associated with Prostatitis or Urinary tract infection.

MCS urine, Genital swab (urethral) to exclude Gonorrhoea and Chlamydia trachomatis infection.

See also Orchitis.

Urinary tract infection

Sexually transmitted diseases

 

Tuberculosis

Tuberculous epididymo-orchitis is usually associated with renal tuberculosis: Mycobacteria testing - urine.

Epididymal biopsy, with culture for Mycobacterium tuberculosis, only if the diagnosis is uncertain, as there is a significant risk of infertility as a result of the procedure.