Gynaecomastia

Causes

Appropriate Tests

Physiological, especially

  • Elderly patients
  • Puberty

 

Systemic disease, especially

  • Chronic liver disease
  • Renal failure
  • Thyrotoxicosis

 

See Cirrhosis

See Hyperthyroidism

Testicular failure
Testicular tumour (functional)

See Testicular mass

Drugs, especially

  • Spironolactone
  • Digoxin
  • Oestrogen
  • Cimetidine
  • Cannabis

 

Carcinoma of the male breast

Fine needle aspiration biopsy and lesion biopsy.