Intra-uterine growth retardation

Causes

Appropriate Tests

 

Assessment based on clinical findings and diagnostic imaging, pre- and post-natally.

Maternal/placental factors, especially

 

Smoking

 

Hypertension, including

  • Pregnancy-induced hypertension

 

Phospholipid antibody syndrome

 

Connective tissue diseases

 

Renal disease

See Renal disorders/disease

Fetal factors, especially

 

Chromosome abnormalities

Cytogenetics - prenatal and fetal.

Multiple pregnancy

 

Intrauterine infection

  • Cytomegalovirus infection
  • Toxoplasmosis

 

Dwarfism