Pituitary/hypothalamic disorders

Key Information

Appropriate Tests

 

Clinical assessment, including formal visual field examination, and diagnostic imaging to detect possible space occupying lesion in the pituitary fossa.

See also Hypopituitarism, Pituitary hormone excess and Diabetes insipidus.

Tumours

  • Craniopharyngioma
  • Pituitary adenoma
  • Histiocytosis
  • Germinoma
  • Meningioma
  • Metastatic carcinoma

 

Vascular disorders

  • Post-partum necrosis (Sheehan's syndrome)

 

Damage following head injury

 

Hypophysectomy

 

Pituitary irradiation

 

Granulomas

  • Sarcoidosis
  • Tuberculosis

 

Pituitary hormone releasing factor deficiencies

  • Kallmann syndrome

 

Prader-Willi syndrome

Molecular genetics, Cytogenetics.

References

See also Pathology Decision Support Tool: Pituitary Disease or tumour