Thyroid nodule/cyst

 

Causes

Appropriate Tests

 

Clinical assessment with diagnostic imaging, as appropriate. Fine needle aspiration biopsy, excision biopsy if appropriate. See also Goitre.

For assessment of thyroid hormonal status see Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism.

Adenoma

 

Cyst including

 

  • Multinodular goitre

 

Carcinoma

 

  • Papillary

 

  • Follicular

 

  • Anaplastic

 

  • Medullary

Consider possibility of other endocrine neoplasia/hyperplasia; see MEN type 2A and 2B under Multiple endocrine neoplasia.

Calcitonin may be of value for monitoring course after surgical resection.

Lymphoma (classification)

 

References

See also Pathology Decision Support Tool: Thyroid disease