Urinary tract obstruction

Causes

Appropriate Tests

Pelvic malignancy, especially

 
  • Carcinoma of bladder

Urine - MCS urine, Urine cytology.

Lesion biopsy.

  • Carcinoma of cervix
Biopsy

Neurogenic bladder

 

Urethral valves

 

Urinary tract calculi

 

Renal papillary necrosis

 

Retroperitoneal fibrosis

 

Retroperitoneal tumour

Fine needle aspiration biopsy, lesion biopsy if indicated.

Prostatic enlargement