Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis


Appropriate Tests


Chronic candidiasis should always be confirmed by microscopy and culture (MCS fungal).

Underlying causes of recurrent Candidiasis should be excluded.

See also Candidiasis


The underlying immune deficits are variable - consult pathologist.

Lymphocyte proliferative response, Lymphocyte immunophenotyping, lymphokine production.

Autoimmune polyendocrinopathy

See Polyglandular autoimmune syndrome (type 1). Particular association with Hypoparathyroidism.

Iron deficiency (severe)


Vitamin B12 deficiency


Folate deficiency