Pituitary/hypothalamic disorders

Key Information

Appropriate Tests


Clinical assessment, including formal visual field examination, and diagnostic imaging to detect possible space occupying lesion in the pituitary fossa.

See also Hypopituitarism, Pituitary hormone excess and Diabetes insipidus.


  • Craniopharyngioma
  • Pituitary adenoma
  • Histiocytosis
  • Germinoma
  • Meningioma
  • Metastatic carcinoma


Vascular disorders

  • Post-partum necrosis (Sheehan's syndrome)


Damage following head injury




Pituitary irradiation



  • Sarcoidosis
  • Tuberculosis


Pituitary hormone releasing factor deficiencies

  • Kallmann syndrome


Prader-Willi syndrome

Molecular genetics, Cytogenetics.


See also Pathology Decision Support Tool: Pituitary Disease or tumour