Appropriate Tests


Urinalysis (dipstick); this is a reliable test for haematuria if properly performed, but does not distinguish haematuria from haemoglobinuria and myoglobinuria.

Urine microscopy to confirm haematuria; to distinguish 'glomerular' from 'post-glomerular' (tubular and urinary tract) haematuria by the presence or absence of dysmorphic red cells; to differentiate haematuria from haemoglobinuria and myoglobinuria. Urine culture, if indicated (MCS urine).

See also Coloured urine, Haemoglobinuria, Myoglobinuria, Haemolysis.



Urinary tract calculi


Urinary tract infection


Urinary tract tumour, especially

  • Kidney
  • Renal pelvis
  • Bladder
  • Prostate

Urine cytology. Fine needle aspirate biopsy and lesion biopsy as appropriate.

See Renal mass.

See Prostatic enlargement.

Polycystic kidney disease

See Cystic renal disease.

Analgesic nephropathy

See Analgesic abuse.



Bleeding disorder, especially

  • Anticoagulant therapy
  • Severe Haemophilia
  • Thrombocytopenia

See also Bleeding disorders.

See Anticoagulant monitoring.

See Haemophilia.




Exercise - induced


Go Back

Page last updated:

Copyright © 2021 RCPA. All rights reserved.