The main purpose of this Manual is to provide useful guidelines for the selection of pathology tests and to facilitate interpretation of results.
Contains a comprehensive listing of all genes from the Human Gene Nomenclature Committee (HGNC) database alongside laboratories and tests available in the country.
A manual for the process of macroscopic dissection in Anatomical Pathology laboratories.
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Mycobacteria testing can include microscopy, culture, NAA testing, and histopathology.
Tuberculin sensitivity testing (Mantoux test) may be helpful in assessing the risk of active infection, but a negative test may be present in active disease eg miliary tuberculosis. See Table 7.
The Mycobacterium tuberculosis IGRA (interferon-gamma release assay for Mycobacterium tuberculosis) may be used as an alternative to Mantoux testing.
The possibility of tuberculosis should be considered early in patients with HIV infection and other forms of immunosuppression (eg steroid therapy, chronic lymphocytic leukaemia), in alcoholics and in those with over-whelming infections (eg meningitis).
See also Infection (increased susceptibility).
Sputum, bronchoscopy brushings, pleural fluid, or gastric lavage - Mycobacteria testing.
Lung or pleural biopsy may occasionally be required.
Cerebrospinal fluid examination - microscopy and culture incl mycobacteria testing (see also Molecular genetics - microbial); Protein, Glucose.
Urine (complete morning specimen) - Mycobacteria testing. 'Sterile pyuria' is a characteristic finding.
Peritoneal fluid examination.
Bone marrow aspiration - culture for M. tuberculosis.
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The RCPA is the leading organisation representing Pathologists and Senior Scientists in Australasia.
Its mission is to train and support pathologists and senior scientists and to improve the use of pathology testing to achieve better healthcare.
The annual scientific meeting for the RCPA which covers the scientific disciplines of Anatomical, Chemical, Forensic, Genetic, General, Haematology, Immunopathology and Microbiology.
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