The main purpose of this Manual is to provide useful guidelines for the selection of pathology tests and to facilitate interpretation of results.
Contains a comprehensive listing of all genes from the Human Gene Nomenclature Committee (HGNC) database alongside laboratories and tests available in the country.
A manual for the process of macroscopic dissection in Anatomical Pathology laboratories.
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Random urine samples and Albumin/Creatinine ratio are now preferred.
Patients should refrain from vigorous exercise for 24 h prior to sample collection.
Normal:< 30 mg albumin/g creatinine
Microalbuminuria: 30 to 300 mg albumin/g creatinine
Macroalbuminuria: > 300 mg albumin/g creatinine
Early detection of diabetic nephropathy; investigation and monitoring of renal disease.
Increased excretion of albumin (> 30 mg/g creatinine) of insufficient degree to be detected by dipstick is an early sign of diabetic nephropathy.
Microalbuminuria (30-300 mg/g creatinine) is an early marker of renal damage that may be progressive if risk factors are not adequately treated.
Urine albumin is elevated in the Nephrotic syndrome, in other conditions with increased glomerular permeability (eg, Glomerulonephritis), and in urinary tract inflammation. It can be used instead of urinary protein to detect or monitor these conditions.
See also Urinalysis.
Eknoyan G et al. Am J Kidney Dis 2003; 42: 617-622.
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The RCPA is the leading organisation representing Pathologists and Senior Scientists in Australasia.
Its mission is to train and support pathologists and senior scientists and to improve the use of pathology testing to achieve better healthcare.
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