The main purpose of this Manual is to provide useful guidelines for the selection of pathology tests and to facilitate interpretation of results.
Contains a comprehensive listing of all genes from the Human Gene Nomenclature Committee (HGNC) database alongside laboratories and tests available in the country.
A manual for the process of macroscopic dissection in Anatomical Pathology laboratories.
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Keywords: Alcohol, EtOH
The venepuncture site must not be swabbed with alcohol.
5 mL blood in lithium heparin tube (for plasma) or oxalate (whole blood).
Medico-legal specimens require proof of identity and ethanol is measured in a whole blood specimen.
Gas liquid chromatography or spectrophotometry.
Not detected in the absence of ethanol ingestion.
To establish recent ingestion. As the estimation of ethanol levels in breath samples is inaccurate a blood sample may be required (eg, in the assessment of possible drug overdose and impaired consciousness after trauma).
Intoxicated: 22-33 mmol/L (0.10-0.15 g/100 mL)
Poisoned: 44-66 mmol/L (0.20-0.30 g/100 mL)
Often fatal: > 88 mmol/L (> 0.40 g/100 mL).
Legal limits vary. For specific information contact local authorities.
Commonly, the legal driving limit is ' 0.05% ' that is, 11 mmol/L or 0.05 g/100 mL. In some regions it is ' 0.08% ',that is, 18 mmol/L or 0.08 g/100 mL.
Montalto NJ and Bean P. Med Sci Monit 2003; 9(12): 285-290.
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The RCPA is the leading organisation representing Pathologists and Senior Scientists in Australasia.
Its mission is to train and support pathologists and senior scientists and to improve the use of pathology testing to achieve better healthcare.
The annual scientific meeting for the RCPA which covers the scientific disciplines of Anatomical, Chemical, Forensic, Genetic, General, Haematology, Immunopathology and Microbiology.
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